Publication Ethics

In order to ensure high-quality of scientific and evidence-based publications, public trust and that idea are credited, it is important to comply with publication ethics. Any attempt of misconduct / if you are caught, your manuscript may be rejected without review and leader of your institution will be informed. The authors will be blacklisted, and information will be shared with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) so that all member journals are informed.

Approval and Consent

Good research should be well-designed, well planed and well justified with ethical approval. For example, clinical trials in Malaysia required to be register to National Medical Research Register (NMRR) besides ethical approval from the National Committee for Clinical Research. This is including obtaining informed consent from all the study participants. All the information related to the registry, ethical approval shall be clearly stated in the manuscript and enable tracing by the editors.

Accuracy, Falsification and Fabrication

Any author that attempt to report results and draw conclusions from data that are not generated by the study is considered commit fabrication, or, conclusions are generated by manipulating of the data which is known as falsification.

If the editor or reviewer suspicious at the time of review process, authors may be asked to disclose the raw data to confirm or alleviate the suspicion. Datasheets may be requested even after a few years of publication if sufficient doubt is raised. Therefore, authors are advised to preserve the datasheet of research/ clinical trials for a reasonably long period.

Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

It is unacceptable and consider dishonest when an idea and work of other scientists is taken without giving credit. Copying content from someone’s else manuscript or even your own published manuscript without citation is consider plagiarism. Please refer to Philosophy of self-plagiarism.

Submission Fraud

Manuscript shall not be submit simultaneously to different journals, it is considered disrespectful as it wastes the time of both the editors and reviewers. If detected, the publication will be retracted. It is also non-advisable to publish similar manuscripts with no added novelty as compared to a previous published one.

Authorship

All the listed author must have agreed to be in the author list and made a significant contribution to the work written in the manuscript. Authorship is not a “gift” to exchange or trade for any return. Academi Sains Malaysia through their Educational Module on Responsible Conduct of Research Conduct Chapter 5 has detailed guidelines on authorship that may be useful for prospective authors in this journal.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest (COI) is potential financial/personal interest or belief that could affect the objectivity of the result and conclusion presented in the manuscript. It could happen between authors, author-reviewer, researcher – company, or any parties that can influence the means of data presentations. Author is encouraged to give the statement of COI to serve as a notification on the source and nature of that potential conflict. Academi Sains Malaysia through their Educational Module on Responsible Conduct of Research Conduct Chapter 4 has detailed guidelines on COI that may be useful for prospective authors in this journal.